International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Community Development and Planning (CDP)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Laurie Ross

Second Reader

Shelly Tenenbaum


The purpose of this study is to explore how institutional memory for the Nivonim program is maintained at Camp Ramah in Wisconsin. Transitions in key leadership positions like unit heads are extremely common, and therefore cannot be allowed to become a constraint in the program’s development. The research process consisted of 31 interviews with camping professionals within the Camp Ramah in Wisconsin, as well as other Jewish and secular camps. A theme that emerged from the conversations was that summer camps struggle with transmitting institutional and individual memory. In order to alleviate this problem and appeal to different Rashei Aidah (unit heads), a multipronged approach that combines oral and written transmission of knowledge and moves from individual to institutional transmission of knowledge must be implemented for the Nivonim program in Camp Ramah in Wisconsin.



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