International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Science in Environmental Science and Policy (ES&P)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Timothy Downs


This paper presents a sustainable adaptive capacity framework for water management for municipalities, named Sustainable MAC-Water framework, after assessing the strengths and weaknesses of adaptive capacity in Mexico and its municipalities. It provides municipalities with an instrument to help them create sustainable adaptive capacity plans (Sustainable MAC plans) to prevent adverse impacts on water resources and related sectors. It is based on a study of policy instruments crafted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Government of Mexico, and literature on adaptive capacity, assessment, and planning. The Sustainable MAC-Water framework recommends the establishment of a Reactive Barriers Removal Plan (RBRP), support measures in reaction to the negative impacts of adaptive measure, and an Integrative Social-Stakeholder Engagement Strategy (iSSE) along with adaptation plans. It also requires transparent leadership and the incorporation of health dimensions. There five components are additional requisites to build strong and resilient adaptive capacity and forms Sustainable Adaptive Indicators.



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