Emerging adulthood (EA) is a critical stage of life to develop and sustain a healthy lifestyle, which is also a time of vulnerability to poor physical and mental health outcomes. In this study, we conducted a path analysis (N = 1326) to examine associations among four dimensions of EA, levels of regular physical activity (PA), self-control, MPA tendency and irrational procrastination. Results found: 1) higher levels of PA predicted both MPA tendency (β = −0.08, 95% CI: −0.11 to −0.06, p < 0.001) and irrational procrastination (β = −0.01, 95% CI: −0.17 to −0.008, p < 0.01) indirectly via self-control; 2) Instability (β = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.18, p < 0.01) and Responsibility (β = −0.06, 95% CI: −0.10 to −0.08, p = 0.03) exerted direct effects on irrational procrastination and Instability also indirectly predicted irrational procrastination via MPA tendency (β = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.05, p < 0.01). These findings proved that perceived features of EA are linked to behavioral problems and supported that regular PA plays a crucial role to protect mental health. © 2023, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.
International Journal of Mental Health Protection
Kuang, Jin; Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen; Chen, Erle; Demetrovics, Zsolt; Herold, Fabian; Cheung, Rebecca Y.M.; Hall, Daniel L.; Markwart, Michaela; Gerber, Markus; Ludyga, Sebastian; Kramer, Arthur F.; and Zou, Liye, "The Relationship between Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood and Behavioral Problems among Chinese Emerging Adults: The Mediating Role of Physical Activity and Self-Control" (2023). Psychology. 261.
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Published source should be cited:
Kuang, Jin, et al. "The relationship between dimensions of emerging adulthood and behavioral problems among Chinese emerging adults: The mediating role of physical activity and self-control." International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 25.8 (2023).