International Development, Community, and Environment

Title

Seeing REDD+ as a Project of Environmental Governance

Document Type

Article

Abstract

In this paper, we argue that REDD+ is more than an impartial container for the various tools and actors concerned with addressing anthropogenic climate change. Instead, even as it takes shape, REDD+ is already functioning as a form of governance, a particular framing of the problem of climate change and its solutions that validates and legitimizes specific tools, actors and solutions while marginalizing others. This framing raises important questions about how we might critically evaluate REDD+ programs and their associated tools and stakeholders in a manner that encourages the most effective and equitable pursuit of its goals. We bring the issue of governance under REDD+ to the fore through a focus on the objects to be governed, the tools of governance, and the forms of environmental, economic and social knowledge that are considered legitimate under this framework. We then turn to the example of indigenous people's participation in REDD+ to illustrate how this framework attempts to bring about environmental governance by aligning the interests of a wide range of stakeholders in this process to bring about desired environmental outcomes. This consideration is critical for the implementation of REDD+, for as we illustrate, this alignment has thus far been incomplete, suggesting an emerging crisis of governance within REDD+ that will compromise future project and policy goals, and thus the well-being of many stakeholders. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Publication Title

Environmental Science and Policy

Publication Date

3-1-2011

Volume

14

Issue

2

First Page

100

Last Page

110

ISSN

1462-9011

DOI

10.1016/j.envsci.2010.11.006

Keywords

FCPF, governance, indigenous peoples, REDD+, UN-REDD

Disciplines

Environmental Studies | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology

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