International Development, Community, and Environment

Title

Data Envelopment Analysis with Stochastic Variations in Data

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The mathematical programming-based technique data envelopment analysis (DEA) has often treated data as being deterministic. In response to the criticism that in most applications there is error and random noise in the data, a number of mathematically elegant solutions to incorporating stochastic variations in data have been proposed. In this paper, we propose a chance-constrained formulation of DEA that allows random variations in the data. We study properties of the ensuing efficiency measure using a small sample in which multiple inputs and a single output are correlated, and are the result of a stochastic process. We replicate the analysis using Monte Carlo simulations and conclude that using simulations provides a more flexible and computationally less cumbersome approach to studying the effects of noise in the data. We suggest that, in keeping with the tradition of DEA, the simulation approach allows users to explicitly consider different data generating processes and allows for greater flexibility in implementing DEA under stochastic variations in data. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Socio-Economic Planning Sciences

Publication Date

6-1-2005

Volume

39

Issue

2

First Page

147

Last Page

164

ISSN

0038-0121

DOI

10.1016/j.seps.2004.01.005

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