Multilevel Provider-Based Sampling for Recruitment of Pregnant Women and Mother-Newborn Dyads
OBJECTIVE: In 2010, the National Children's Study launched 3 alternative recruitment methods to test possible improvements in efficiency compared with traditional household-based recruitment and participant enrollment. In 2012, a fourth method, provider-based sampling (PBS), tested a probability-based sampling of prenatal provider locations supplemented by a second cohort of neonates born at a convenience sample of maternity hospitals. METHODS: From a sampling frame of 472 prenatal care provider locations and 59 maternity hospitals, 49 provider and 7 hospital locations within or just outside 3 counties participated in study recruitment. During first prenatal care visits or immediately postdelivery at these locations, face-to-face contact was used to screen and recruit eligible women. RESULTS: Of 1450 screened women, 1270 were eligible. Consent rates at prenatal provider locations (62%-74% by county) were similar to those at birth locations (64%-77% by county). During 6 field months, 3 study centers enrolled a total prenatal cohort of 530 women (the majority in the first trimester) and during 2 months enrolled a birth cohort of an additional 320 mother-newborn dyads. As personnel became experienced in the field, the time required to enroll a woman in the prenatal cohort declined from up to 200 hours to 50 to 100 hours per woman recruited. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that PBS was feasible and operationally efficient in recruiting a representative cohort of newborns from 3 diverse US counties. Our findings suggest that PBS is a practical approach to recruit large pregnancy and birth cohorts across the United States.
painful bladder syndrome, prenatal care, pregnancy
McLaughlin, Thomas; Aupont, Onesky; Kozinetz, Claudia; Hubble, David; Moore-Simas, Tiffany; Davis, Deborah; Park, Christina; Brenner, Ruth; Sepavich, Deidre; Felice, Marianne; Caviness, Chantal; Downs, Tim; Selwyn, Beatrice; and Forman, Michele, "Multilevel Provider-Based Sampling for Recruitment of Pregnant Women and Mother-Newborn Dyads" (2016). International Development, Community, and Environment. 119.