Community colleges play a pivotal role in Massachusetts’ higher education system. They award associate’s degrees, offer an affordable pathway to a bachelor's degree, and provide access to higher education for underserved populations. Community colleges also offer workforce development and industry certification for those entering the world of work, those who are currently employed but need more training or retraining, and those who have been dislocated from their careers by the global economic crisis. To increase access to both college credits and improved work skills, community colleges provide remedial or developmental education to ensure all students can pursue a program of study (Dougherty & Townsend, 2006; Mullin, 2010b).
LaPointe,, Michelle Ph.D. and Chmielewski, Elizabeth, "Investing in Community Colleges of the Commonwealth: A Review of Funding Streams" (2011). Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise. 7.