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"Dr. Waddington argues that a subjective element is necessarily involved in all science, and that the conventional scientific repudiation of the concept of purpose is unjustified. Using ideas derived from study of the dynamic processes in biological systems, he attempts to throw some light on problems of mind, spirit and ethics."
Clark University Press
Waddington, Conrad H., "Biology, Purpose and Ethics" (1970). Heinz Werner Lectures. 22.