Brief report: Danish emerging adults' conceptions of adulthood
Four hundred Danish emerging adults ages 17-29 were surveyed regarding their conceptions of adulthood and their self-assessments of their adult status. A majority of the 17-24-year-olds and nearly half the 25-29-year-olds viewed themselves as being adults in some ways but not others. Participants reported feeling most adult when with co-workers or romantic partners, and least adult with mothers, fathers, or friends. The most widely-endorsed criteria for adulthood were accepting responsibility for one's self, making independent decisions, and becoming financially independent. Among the least-endorsed criteria were the traditional transition events of entering marriage and parenthood, as well as "avoid becoming drunk.".
Journal of Adolescence
Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen and Padilla-Walker, Laura M., "Brief report: Danish emerging adults' conceptions of adulthood" (2015). Psychology. 711.