Acceptance-based treatment for smoking cessation
This pilot study applied a theoretically derived model of acceptance-based treatment process to smoking cessation, and compared it to a pharmacological treatment based on a medical dependence model. Seventy-six nicotine-dependent smokers were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: Nicotine Replacement Treatment (NRT), or a smoking-focused version of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). There were no differences between conditions at posttreatment; however, participants in the ACT condition had better long-term smoking outcomes at 1-year follow-up. As predicted by the acceptance process model, ACT outcomes at 1 year were mediated by improvements in acceptance-related skills. Withdrawal symptoms and negative affect neither differed between conditions nor predicted outcomes. Results were consistent with the functional acceptance-based treatment model. Copyright 2004 by Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy All rights for reproduction in any form reserved.
Gifford, Elizabeth V.; Kohlenberg, Barbara S.; Hayes, Steven C.; Antonuccio, David O.; Piasecki, Melissa M.; Rasmussen-Hall, Mandra L.; and Palm, Kathleen M., "Acceptance-based treatment for smoking cessation" (2004). Psychology. 605.