Predicting Improvement After a Bystander Program for the Prevention of Sexual and Dating Violence
Although evidence suggests that bystander prevention programs are promising interventions for decreasing sexual violence and dating violence on college campuses, there have been no studies to date evaluating moderators of bystander program effectiveness. The current study evaluates whether different demographic characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors at pretest predict change over a 6-month follow-up for students who participated in a bystander prevention program. Participants in the three assessments (pretest, posttest, 6-month follow-up) included 296 college students who were mandated to attend a bystander program during their first year orientation. Analyses showed that with few exceptions, the bystander program worked best for students who were most at risk given their pretest demographics and levels of attitudes condoning dating violence and sexual violence, bystander efficacy, and bystander behaviors. Results are discussed in terms of suggestions for future research.
Health Promotion Practice
bystander effect, domestic violence, partner violence, prevention, sexual assault
Hines, Denise A. and Palm Reed, Kathleen M., "Predicting Improvement After a Bystander Program for the Prevention of Sexual and Dating Violence" (2015). Psychology. 585.