Contextual, cognitive, and adolescent factors associated with parenting in adolescence
In this study, we examined predictors of parenting during adolescence from three domains: the contextual (i.e., stress, support, marital satisfaction), social-cognitive (i.e., beliefs about adolescence), and child (difficulty). Fifty-three mothers and 38 fathers of 13-18 year olds were interviewed and rated on three dimensions of parenting - involvement, autonomy support, and structure. Parents completed questionnaires assessing predictor variables. Results indicated that, for mothers, higher numbers of recent stressful events were associated with less provision of structure and more control. For fathers, relations between views of adolescence and parenting were in evidence; while for both mothers and fathers strong relations between adolescent difficulty and parenting emerged. Relations between perceived difficulty of adolescent and parenting were more apparent in "conducive" than "nonconducive" contexts. The differential results for mothers and fathers are interpreted in terms of mothers' greater involvement and less role latitude than fathers. Parents' resources, experience, and expectations are considered in understanding why predictors might be associated with parenting variables.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Grolnick, Wendy S.; Weiss, Laura; McKenzie, Lee; and Wrightman, Jeffrey, "Contextual, cognitive, and adolescent factors associated with parenting in adolescence" (1996). Psychology. 489.