Antecedents and consequences of mothers' autonomy support: an experimental investigation.
This study examined the effects of contextual and individual differences on mothers' autonomy support versus control on homeworklike tasks. Sixty mothers and their third-grade children worked on map and poem tasks, with mothers in either an ego-involving (high pressure) or a non-ego-involving (low pressure) condition. Later, children worked on similar tasks themselves. Mothers in the high-pressure condition were more controlling on the poem task. For the map task, mothers who came in with controlling styles and received the high-pressure manipulation were most controlling. Children whose mothers interacted in a more controlling manner wrote less creative poems when alone. Results suggest the importance of context, children's competence levels, and mothers' styles in determining levels of autonomy support.
Grolnick, Wendy S.; Gurland, Suzanne T.; DeCourcey, Wendy; and Jacob, Karen, "Antecedents and consequences of mothers' autonomy support: an experimental investigation." (2002). Psychology. 481.