Linking Racial Identity, Ethnic Identity, and Racial-Ethnic Socialization: A Tale of Three Race-Ethnicities
The relationship between racial and ethnic identity, as well as that between racial-ethnic socialization and racial and ethnic identity development, has become increasingly important to researchers as the proportion of children and young adults of color grows in the U.S. population. Parents' racial-ethnic socialization messages are important for the ways in which children and young adults develop a sense of self as members of their racial or ethnic group. This article examined the racial identity, ethnic identity, and racial-ethnic socialization of 90 African American, 224 Asian American, and 216 Latino American college students. There were many strong associations between the measures of racial identity and ethnic identity as well as between racial-ethnic socialization and each measure of identity. Different patterns of relationships emerged among the three groups depending on whether the outcome variable was racial identity or ethnic identity. In the majority of instances where the three groups were not the same, Latino and Asian Americans were more similar to each other than to African Americans. In a few instances, the three groups exhibited different patterns of relationship among the constructs. Findings are discussed in terms of the sociocultural histories of the three groups. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
French, Sabine Elizabeth; Coleman, Brett Russell; and DiLorenzo, Melissa Lee, "Linking Racial Identity, Ethnic Identity, and Racial-Ethnic Socialization: A Tale of Three Race-Ethnicities" (2013). Psychology. 258.