The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income, minority children: Two-year follow-up
We present 2-year follow-up data on the efficacy of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a school-based depression prevention program, with low-income, racial/ethnic minority children. This program taught cognitive and social problem-solving skills to 168 Latino and African American middle school children who were at-risk for developing depressive symptoms by virtue of their low-income status. We had previously reported beneficial effects of the PRP up to 6 months after the conclusion of the program for the Latino children, but no clear effect for the African American children. In this paper, we extend the analyses to 24 months after the conclusion of the PRP. We continue to find some beneficial effects for the Latino children and no differentially beneficial effect for the African American children. Implications of findings and future research directions are discussed. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Behaviour Research and Therapy
Cardemil, Esteban V.; Reivich, Karen J.; Beevers, Christopher G.; Seligman, Martin E.P.; and James, Julie, "The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income, minority children: Two-year follow-up" (2007). Psychology. 243.