Brave new world: Mental Health experiences of Puerto Ricans, immigrant latinos, and Brazilians in Massachusetts
Depression and anxiety are of the most commonly occurring mental health disorders in the United States. Despite a variety of efficacious interventions for depression and anxiety, it is clear that ethnic minorities experience mental health care disparities in their access to mental health services and the quality of treatment they receive. Research indicates that Latino heterogeneity impacts access to depression and anxiety treatment. In addition, Brazilians are becoming an increasingly visible minority within the United States and are often depicted as Latinos. The current study sought to understand the role of acculturation and stigma in mental health symptom endorsement and treatment seeking among Puerto Ricans, immigrant Latinos, and Brazilians. A total of 250 self-identified Latinos and Brazilians were interviewed about their mental health symptom and treatment experience, acculturation, and stigma toward mental illness. Results indicated considerable variability across the three groups, with Puerto Ricans endorsing higher rates of depression and anxiety, as well as higher rates of treatment seeking, than either the immigrant Latinos or the Brazilians. Acculturation played a differential role in the endorsement of anxiety treatment seeking for Brazilians. Finally, although the three groups differed in the extent to which they experienced stigma about mental health issues, stigma did not predict symptom endorsement or treatment-seeking behavior for any of the three groups. These findings underscore the importance of attending to both between-groups and within-group differences in the mental health and mental health treatment experiences of different ethnic groups. © 2013 American Psychological Association.
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Sánchez, Mónica; Cardemil, Esteban; Adams, Sara Trillo; Calista, Joanne L.; Connell, Joy; DePalo, Alexandra; Ferreira, Juliana; Gould, Diane; Handler, Jeffrey S.; Kaminow, Paula; Melo, Tatiana; Parks, Allison; Rice, Eric; and Rivera, Ismael, "Brave new world: Mental Health experiences of Puerto Ricans, immigrant latinos, and Brazilians in Massachusetts" (2014). Psychology. 230.