In August, the Seventh Assembly of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) concluded in Vancouver, Canada, with a pledge. A total of 185 countries agreed to protect 30% of land and coastal areas by 2030 (known as the “30 by 30 pledge”). But while this surge of conservation funding is heartening, there are serious concerns. Projects and programs that appear to produce both environmental and developmental goals could actually obscure the continuing marginalization of poor and vulnerable populations. Here, we suggest that such coupling of conservation and extraction needs to pay greater attention to poverty alleviation. Otherwise, it risks further marginalizing vulnerable populations, while boosting environmental and economic indicators—thereby giving a false sense of progress toward sustainable development.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ali, Saleem H.; Diallo, Penda; Kameni, Apoli Bertrand; Le Billon, Philippe; Oromeng, Kopo; Davis, Kyle Frankel; and Carr, Edward, "In Africa, "climate-smart" conservation must be coupled with poverty alleviation" (2023). Geography. 961.
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Must link to publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2309279120