GlobeLand30 maps show four times larger gross than net land change from 2000 to 2010 in Asia

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This article uses the GlobeLand30 maps of land cover to characterize the difference between years 2000 and 2010 in Asia. Methods of Intensity Analysis and Difference Components dissect the transition matrix for nine categories: Barren, Grass, Cultivated, Forest, Shrub, Water, Artificial, Wetland and Ice. Results show that Barren, Grass, Cultivated, and Forest each account for more than 21% of Asia at both 2000 and 2010, while transitions among those four categories account for more than half of the temporal difference. Nearly ten percent of Asia shows overall temporal difference, which is the sum of three components: quantity, exchange and shift. Quantity accounts for less than a quarter of the temporal difference, while exchange accounts for three quarters of the temporal difference. The largest quantity components at the category level are a net gain of Barren and net losses of Grass and Shrub. Shrub demonstrates the most intensive loss and gain relative to a category's size. The largest and most intensive transitions to Barren are from Grass and Shrub. The largest and most intensive transition to Artificial is from Cultivated. Error information is not available for GlobeLand30 concerning 2000 or temporal change, but a confusion matrix is available for the global extent at 2010. This article applies methods to interpret the difference between two time points when a confusion matrix is available for only the latter time point. If the 2010 global confusion matrix reflects errors in Asia, then such errors could help to explain some of the gross gain of Barren and the counter-intuitive loss of Artificial. If the GlobeLand30 data indicate true change, then gross change in Asia is 4.4 times larger than net change.

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International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation

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Asia, GlobeLand30, Intensity Analysis, land cover change, land degradation, urbanization