Place-based or place-positioned?: Framing and making the spaces of urban politics
A famous saying in the United States usually attributed to ‘Tip’ O’Neill, a former Massachusetts politician and Speaker in the US House of Representatives, is that “all politics is local”, and certainly few politics are more local than ‘urban politics’, which by definition are based in some urban area or another. Politics can mean many things to people, but one way to think about urban politics is to think about how decisions in cities get made that affect all or most residents in one way or another. There are many spaces of politics within cities. ‘Local’ urban politics are those that shape or affect a particular part of a city, such as a business district or a neighbourhood.
The Routledge Handbook on Spaces of Urban Politics
Martin, Deborah G., "Place-based or place-positioned?: Framing and making the spaces of urban politics" (2018). Geography. 340.