International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Development and Social Change (IDSC)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Denise Humphreys Bebbington

Second Reader

Cynthia Enloe


The composition of today’s United Nations Peacekeeping forces is dominantly male. There are a limited number of female peacekeepers comprising 4.16% of peacekeeping forces. The safety of female civilians living in conflict areas is jeopardized by this gender unbalance. Focusing on this gender imbalance, this study explores gender disparity inside the Peacekeeping forces of Nepal. Nepalese female peacekeepers constitute 2.12% of the total Nepalese Army peacekeepers and are marginalized in the peacekeeping missions. They are discriminated against, harassed; both blatantly and subtly, and are not taken seriously. This issue of the present day peacekeeping is not considered and is often unexplored. This study unravels the different forms of perpetuating gender disparity and brings the voices of the Nepalese women peacekeepers from the field missions.


This research is based on Nepalese female peacekeepers.

Available for download on Friday, March 25, 2050