International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Development and Social Change (IDSC)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Jude Fernando


This article would be divided into two main parts. In the first part, this article introduces what is the BRI policy and the history of the BRI policy. The BRI policy is a Chinese strategy and network to connect with Chinese partners and potential partners through economic, political, and cultural three perspectives. In the second part, this article describes the BRI policy development and the response from Chinese neighboring countries which mainly include the Southeast and South Asian Countries. Southeast Asian nations and south Asian nations would first be directly impacted by politics, the economy, and culture. Southeast Asian countries improved their fundamental infrastructure and economic aid from this policy and the economic cooperation improved the development of South Asian countries. However, the political and cultural pressure from the Chinese government keeps interfering in the Southeast and South Asian countries. In 2020, the spread of the pandemic damaged and interrupted the achievements of the BRI policy. For sustaining international relations and the local achievements of the BRI policy, the Chinese government implemented the Mask and Vaccine diplomatic policy and health assistance to support other countries in maintaining the achievements of the BRI policy in the local area. The article attempts to explain the impact of the BRI program and the reactions of Southeast and South Asian countries to this policy.



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