International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Final Project

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Development and Social Change (IDSC)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Timothy Downs


The Mexico and Toluca Valleys in central Mexico are part of one of the most heavily populated megalopolises in the western hemisphere where consistent access to safe, affordable, and quality water sources figures to be a decisive challenge in the era of climate change. This professional project report compiles a range of statistics and information about the vital liquid for 29 municipalities located in and around the Mexico City and Toluca areas. This contribution is derived from a broader team research endeavor that seeks to gauge the impacts and adaptive processes to climate change within those regions. By doing so, the aim of this report is to present both general and specific enumerations concerning water and water access in the subset of municipalities, ultimately attempting to connect each one to its source(s) of water and offer insight as to which populations are dependent on different sources. Recent and relevant data has been gathered exclusively from a variety of online sources, including governmental and institutional reports, documents and publications, national census surveys, maps, news articles, and other scholarly work. For the 29 municipalities, each one is presented covering four main indicators: (1) population totals, density, and changes in population growth since 2010; (2) the percentage of private household occupants with access to piped water, broken down by primary sources of obtainment; (3) the volume of municipal water consumption by sectoral allocation; and (4) sources of potable water supply, including descriptions of the water infrastructure and general hydrological characteristics of the municipality.





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