International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award

6-2021

Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Science in Environmental Science and Policy (ES&P)

Department

International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Morgan Ruelle

Abstract

As one of the most densely populated regions on the continent of Africa, the Albertine Rift (consisting of parts of Rwanda, Uganda, and the eastern DRC) faces ongoing problems providing enough food for its people through crop production, livestock husbandry, and other forms of food production. Even more troubling for the future is that anthropogenic climate change is expected to significantly exacerbate food insecurity. This paper addresses one central question: how will climate change impact food security in the Albertine Rift? Based on an analysis of available data, this paper finds that policymakers should listen closely to local farmers and indigenous communities, who have a great deal of knowledge about their land, to support their successful adaptation to climate change. In addition, national policies that promote diversification of crops and farming techniques, rather than restricting agricultural activities, would enhance food security in the face of climate change.

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