International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Development and Social Change (IDSC)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Ellen E. FOLEY, Ph.D.

Second Reader

Nigel Brissett, Ph.D.


This paper explores the historical legacy that shapes the current higher education system in most sub-Sahara African countries. It further analyzes various specificities in terms of production of graduates in many sub-Sahara African higher educational schools, as well as the rate, process, and conditions of employment of newly graduated students. Inspired by the comparative advantage offered by the Indian education system in Information, Communication and Technology (ICT), and the Chinese education system in terms of Technical Skills and Work Readiness, the paper suggests an educational pathway that selects, orients and empowers students in these science related areas. It strongly emphasizes the promotion of entrepreneurship, touristic and agribusiness education at all levels of professional schools. Furthermore, it strongly advocates for the new learner empowerment approach that awakes and enhances the lifelong learning experience of the future sub-Sahara African employees.



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