International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Date of Award


Degree Type

Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Development and Social Change (IDSC)


International Development, Community and Environment

Chief Instructor

Jude Fernando, Ph.D.

Second Reader

Nigel Brissett, Ph.D



Hanoi Vietnam’s Peri-urban Space and Its Impact on People’s Livelihoods

Collin V. Sumera

Peri-urban is both a space and a process, yet there is no cookie cutter definition that may be applied to developing cities encountering this phenomenon. Each space is constructed differently, and each process has different actors. This paper examines the role that the Communist Party of Vietnam plays in the creation of peri-urban space in Hanoi, and how this space affects residential and former agricultural Land Use Right holder’s livelihood opportunities. The notion of the peri-urban space has not fully been developed for Hanoi, thus I conclude that due to the establishment of policies made within the market economy, state-owned enterprises and corrupt practices on different governmental levels; these gaps and malpractices have led to illegal acts of land grabbing creating peri-urban spaces that disrupt Land Use Right holder’s livelihood practices. Defining peri-urban in the context of Hanoi better informs development and humanitarian agencies seeking to work with marginalized groups and to assist in the creation of livelihood opportunities.



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