Interparental conflict, parenting, and childhood depression in a diverse urban population: The role of general cognitive style
Research on the mechanisms by which interparental conflict (IPC) affects child depression suggests that both parenting and children's conflict appraisals play important roles, but few studies have explored the role of general cognitive style or included both parenting and cognitions in the same design. Moreover, the effects of IPC on minority children are not well understood. In this longitudinal study, parenting was examined as a mediator of the relation between increasing IPC and change in depression. General cognitive style was included as a moderator. The combined influence of parenting and cognitions was also explored. A racially and ethnically diverse sample of 88 fifth and sixth graders from two urban schools reported their cognitive style, depressive symptoms, and perceptions of conflict and parenting at two time points separated by one year. Parental warmth/rejection mediated the relation between IPC and depression, and general cognitive style acted as a moderator. Parenting, cognitive style, and IPC did not significantly interact to predict change in depression over time. Findings indicate that both parenting and children's general cognitive style play a role in understanding the impact of increasing IPC on children's well-being. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
O'Donnell, Ellen H.; Moreau, Melissa; Cardemil, Esteban V.; and Pollastri, Alisha, "Interparental conflict, parenting, and childhood depression in a diverse urban population: The role of general cognitive style" (2010). Psychology. 237.