International Development, Community, and Environment

Title

Diversity of Farmers’ Varieties of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) in Northeastern andSsouthwestern Ethiopia

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Lack of research on intraspecific diversity of faba bean and its management in Ethiopia could lead to the loss of farmers’ varieties, limiting the contributions of local genetic resources. This study assessed the diversity of farmers’ faba bean varieties and local knowledge related to their use and management across multiple cultural and agroecological contexts. We conducted 288 structured and 48 semi-structured interviews in five agroecological zones and four cultural areas in northeastern and southwestern Ethiopia. A total of seventeen farmers’ varieties were identified and documented based on phenotypic descriptors. The tepid sub-moist mid-highlands of South Wollo had the highest number of varieties (five) of any area sampled; however, the humid mid-highlands of Jimma had a higher Shannon-Wiener diversity index based on the area planted to each variety. Most farmers reported that they had originally obtained their traditional varieties from family members, whereas new varieties were typically purchased from local markets. According to farmers, both male and female adults participated in the production and processing of faba bean, with some distinct differences among cultural areas. Understanding the diversity of farmers’ varieties has important implications for on-farm conservation strategies to enhance the use value of this multipurpose leguminous crop.

Publication Title

Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems

Publication Date

1-1-2022

Volume

46

Issue

5

First Page

650

Last Page

671

ISSN

2168-3565

DOI

10.1080/21683565.2022.2062634

Keywords

agrobiodiversity, ethnobotany, farmers’ variety, intraspecific diversity, use values

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