New actors in China–Brazil financial geography: Commercial banks and currency exchange against the “resource-seeking consensus”
Chinese banks became major players in the global geography of finance. Yet studies of Chinese finance in Brazil focus on development (“policy”) bank loans, overlooking commercial banks. This inhibits theoretical advancements beyond the idea that Chinese finance in Latin America is largely “resource-seeking” in nature. Meanwhile, studies of the internationalization of the renminbi focus on state-led policy mechanisms in leading international financial centers, overlooking the expansion of renminbi exchange by commercial banks on the peripheries of global financial networks. I triangulate data from the Brazilian Central Bank, Chinese bank reports, and qualitative materials to present the first comprehensive account of Chinese commercial banking in Brazil. Although they are not yet major players, they are becoming important suppliers of trade finance and currency exchange services. I argue this reinforces challenges to the theory that Chinese finance in Brazil is primarily resource-seeking, and emphasizes that currency-exchange services play a central role in the internationalization strategies of Chinese finance on the peripheries of global financial networks.
Oliveira, Gustavo de L.T., "New actors in China–Brazil financial geography: Commercial banks and currency exchange against the “resource-seeking consensus”" (2022). Geography. 811.