Spatial decision support systems
Spatial decision support systems (SDSS) combine storage, search, and retrieval capabilities of geographic information systems with decision models and optimizing algorithms to support decision making concerning spatial problems. These systems allow decision makers to use multiple spatial criteria to make locational choices by exploring alternatives, given spatial and attribute information. Characteristics of SDSS are becoming incorporated in social science theories and models that explain spatial decisions.
International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
Pontius, Robert G. and Si, Kangping, "Spatial decision support systems" (2015). Geography. 732.