Assessment of empirical and semi-analytical algorithms using modis-aqua for representing in-situ chromophoric dissolved organic matter (Cdom) in the bering, chukchi, and western beaufort seas of the pacific arctic region

Document Type



We analyzed a variety of satellite-based ocean color products derived using MODIS-Aqua to investigate the most accurate empirical and semi-analytical algorithms for representing in-situ chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) across a large latitudinal transect in the Bering, Chukchi, and western Beaufort Seas of the Pacific Arctic region. In particular, we compared the performance of empirical (CDOM index) and several semi-analytical algorithms (quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA), Carder, Garver-Siegel-Maritorena (GSM), and GSM-A) with field measurements of CDOM absorption (aCDOM) at 412 nanometers (nm) and 443 nm. These algorithms were compared with in-situ CDOM measurements collected on cruises during July 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017. Our findings show that the QAA a443 and GSM-A a443 algorithms are the most accurate and robust representation of in-situ conditions, and that the GSM-A a443 algorithm is the most accurate algorithm when considering all statistical metrics utilized here. Our further assessments indicate that geographic variables (distance to coast, latitude, and sampling transects) did not obviously re-late to algorithm accuracy. In general, none of the algorithms investigated showed a statistically significant agreement with field measurements beyond an approximately ± 60 h offset, likely owing to the highly variable environmental conditions found across the Pacific Arctic region. As such, we suggest that satellite observations of CDOM in these Arctic regions should not be used to represent in-situ conditions beyond a ± 60 h timeframe.

Publication Title

Remote Sensing

Publication Date