Some of the counties of the Beyazit provincial district and the central provincial district were invaded with the first assault by the Russians. A portion of the Muslim community that was unable to migrate out along with most of the Armenians stayed in place. Many of the Armenians who live in the towns and villages around the Karayaz-Tortum boundary gradually moved over to the Russian side. Of the Armenians that are to be deported, only four or five of the Townships connected to Erzurum along with the Armenians of Erzincan remain.
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Guerguerian, Krikor, "Deportation 33" (2018). Deportation Practices / Tehcir Uygulamaları. 33.