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This paper examines the function of state institutions such as orphanages during the Armenian Genocide by focusing on the Konya Oksuz Yurdu (Central Orphanage of Konya). This paper will analyze the specific case of the Central Orphanage of Konya in order to answer three questions: How did the genocide transform the function of orphanages which were suppose to provide benefit to children in need? What kind of an education did these children receive? What kind of survival means did both children in the orphanage and the Armenian society develop? The main aim of these questions is to demonstrate that genocide emerges as the most extreme and violent form of modernity which causes various social outcomes regarding the targeted group.