From the work of Pierre Bourdieu on symbolic violence came the study of epistemic violence, which is at the core of the process of othering marginalized groups. Epistemological scholars including Kristie Dotson, Miranda Fricker, Cynthia Townley, and Gayatri Spivak have done extensive work on the theory of the phenomenon; it is necessary to analyze the classifications of epistemic violence through their application in empirical settings. Addressing three case studies of “othering” highlights the importance of greater integration of marginalized groups into the education system as the necessary first step towards eliminating othering by targeting epistemic violence at a base level.
Bunch, Allie J.
"Epistemic Violence in the Process of Othering: Real-World Applications and Moving Forward,"
Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark: Vol. 1
, Article 2.
Available at: http://commons.clarku.edu/surj/vol1/iss1/2